Three hundred thirty one million, four hundred forty nine thousand, two hundred and eighty one. According to the US Census Bureau, that is total residential population of the United States as of April 1, 2020. That number is a form of data theater.

Statistics, in their original form, is the state’s science. State-istics. The original name, btw, was political arithmetic. Today, we distinguish the state’s statistics by calling them official. These are data in the oldest of senses. The Latin root of data comes from a notion of “the givens.” The state is producing statistics that are then given to the public as data. And those givens are then treated as facts.


Alors que les agents du service public sont sommés d’oublier leurs missions pour engranger des profits, le management rebat les oreilles des salariés du privé avec les valeurs d’excellence et de dévouement. Ainsi, ceux qui sont au service de la collectivité se voient interdire de remplir leur rôle, tandis que ceux qui travaillent pour des intérêts particuliers doivent prétendre se consacrer à une noble cause. Comment s’étonner des souffrances que génèrent de telles situations ?

Danièle Linhart

Authors: [REPOST]

Many have noted the enigma of neo-liberalism’s
survival after 2008 (for example, Crouch, 2011;Overbeek and van
Apeldoorn, 2012;Peck, 2013).After all, ‘the market’ utterly failed
to stabilise the global financial system, and governments took over
this task applying instruments that violated every rule in the
neoliberal book and that would have been unthinkable before the
fall of 2008.

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Paragraph 1:“The operational level of war spans a continuum-from comprehensive strategic direction to concrete tactical actions.Bridging this continuum requires operational art which is creative vision coupled with broad experience and knowledge.Without the operational level of war, tactical actions devolve into a series of disconnected engagements that do not accomplish the mission or objectives of the joint force.”…

  1. Do not feel absolutely certain of anything.
  2. Do not think it worth while to proceed by concealing evidence, for the evidence is sure to come to light.
  3. Never try to discourage thinking for you are sure to succeed.
  4. When you meet with opposition, even if it should be from your husband or your children, endeavor to overcome it by argument and not by authority, for a victory dependent upon authority is unreal and illusory.
  5. Have no respect for the authority of others, for there are always contrary authorities to be found.
  6. Do not use power to suppress opinions you think pernicious, for if you do the opinions will suppress you.
  7. Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric.
  8. Find more pleasure in intelligent dissent than in passive agreement, for, if you value intelligence as you should, the former implies a deeper agreement than the latter.
  9. Be scrupulously truthful, even if the truth is inconvenient, for it is more inconvenient when you try to conceal it.
  10. Do not feel envious of the happiness of those who live in a fool’s paradise, for only a fool will think that it is happiness.


Nearly every other social science, except history (which is a weird social science and humanities border case), has the same properties. We have ideas, we have data. Sometimes we do experiments. We collect other data. Sometimes we can replicate results. Sometimes we make progress and accumulate evidence, but other times not. This is, essentially, how science is done.